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What is Myoma?

Myoma is a benign tumor in uterus. Myoma is one of the diaseases frequently seen among women elder than 35 years old. In uterus there may be several myomas at the same time. While estrogen hormones cause getting bigger of myomas in fertility and pregnancy period, it is observed that myomas get smaller in menopause period.

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What are the symptoms of myoma?

  • Long and severe menstrual bleeding
  • Irregular and painful menstruation
  • Anaemia
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Stomach-ache and sense of fullness
  • Frequent widdling
  • Intestinal onstruction



Diagnosis of Myoma

Sometimes all myomas can mot be seen in uterus ultrasonography requested for making myoma diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MR imaging) provides better condition to evaluate myomas. Particularly for patient, whom myoma embolisation will be applied, MR imaging is made before and after application.

What is myoma embolisation?

Myoma embolisation is a non-operational treatment method made through angiography as a result of embozlisation of veins feeding myoma.

The aim is to provide dwindling and disapperaring of myomas by embolisation of veins feeding uterus. Its difference from other treatments is that it is not required to take uterus with an operation. Narcosis is not used because of making the application with angiography. There is no surgical scar and patient doesn’t feel pain during application.

Advantages of myoma embolisation

It should be decided during treatment according to changing factors such as number, size and development of myomas and patient’s age.

It is known all over the world specially in USA since 20 years. It is rather known in our country.
Application is made with angiopgraphy. It is made through local anaesthesia without narcosis. Application is made to veins feeding uterus.
Local anaesthesia is applied and no pain is felt during application. After application there may be pain.
Scientific researches show that both treatment methods have similar effects.
After embolisation application patients can make many daily activities after one or two night hospitalization. Completely turning back to daily life takes maximum one week.