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Diabetic Retinopathy

By diabetics body cannot use sugar efficiently. High blood-sugar levels may damage eyes and may cause blindness. Diabetics deforms particularly nerve layer (retine) of eye and capillaries in this layer by affecting them and it causes visual loss. Damage occurring in nerve layer of eye is named as diabetic retinopathy.

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Retinopathy rate is higher among patients diagnosed with diabetics and 5 years has passed as of diagnosis. Retinopathy rate in Tyep 1 or indulin-dependent young diabetics after adolescence shows an increase depending on the age.

Diabetics diagnosed with retinopathy should be tracked in periods of 3-4 monthly.

Patients diagnosed with retinopathy and having special conditions such as pregnancy, hypertension, and highness in blood fats (hyperlipidemia), nephropathy should be more carefull to prevent the growing of disease. “Diabetic Retinopathy” is the leading frequent reasons of blindness depending on diabetics. It is important to begin treatment with early diagnosis before having loss in eyes.

Reasons for Diabetic Retinopathy

- Duration of diabetics

- Disorder in blood sugar

- Suddenly rising or decreasing of sugar

- Deformation of retinal capillaries

- Bleedings occurring in or in front of retina


How diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed?

For diabetic retinopathy diagnosis a detailed examination is made by an expert doctor.

Pupil becomes bigger through special eye lotions and inside of eye is evaluated.

If diabetic retinopathy symptoms are in question, your doctor may take acolourful picture of your eye to plan the treatment or may request a special film containing medicine called as fluorescein angiography (FFA). Eye ground pictures are taken by a special tool with the help of medicine given intra venal. The aim of making this test is to understand the damage size in eye caused by diabetics.

Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

The most important treatment option in diabetic retinopathy is to prevent growing of retinopathy with early diagnosis.

Argon Laser

Main aim of argon laser treatment is to prevent more visual loss. However it may not stop the visual loss process everytime. Corrections may be provided through needle treatment.


In argon laser treatment patient is not anaesthetized and it is made in normal examination conditions. Treatment duration may be in 5-6 sessions depending on patient and easch session takes approximately 10-15 minutes. During treatment intraocular needles may be applied if the doctor finds it necessary.


Vitrectomy is a microsurgical operation required in diabetic retinopathy. The aim of surgical operation is changing vitreus filled with blood with a clear solution during operation. Being taken of abnormal veins in vitrectomy provides being prevented of further bleedings. Besides if retina is separated from its place (being decollement), it can be fixed during vitrectomy surgery. Seperation of retina is a very important condition and visual loss rate will increase more, if it is not interfered swiftly.


Diabetics diagnosed with retinopathy should be tracked in periods of 3-4 monthly.